Can One Add Weight to Model Trains?

When it comes to performance modding there are a lot of ways that can be done in order to allow your trains to run perfectly. Garden railroad lubricants ensure a smooth passage of the wheels and less friction. Using the correct and consistent weight in each car is very important in order to prevent easy derailments.  Here are some useful tips regarding the role of weights in model trains.

What is the Perfect or Ideal Weight?

According to the NMRA or the National Model Railroad Association regardless of the scale of your train whether it is a G scale train or other, longer cars need to weigh proportionally more than the short cars. Too much weight however is also bad.  There is a false belief in the model train community that says that adding weight helps overcome rough portions in the track. Others meanwhile believe that if all your wheels and couplers are maintained properly, there is no need at all to add any weight.

The truth is no amount of weight will be able to compensate for track that is poorly laid out, low coupler and out of gauge wheels. Moreover, if you mix lightweight cars with heavy ones in order to balance things out, the more problems you will encounter.

Using Weights on your Model Trains

The NMRA recommends that you keep weights consistently in your model trains.  Virtually anything may be used as weight such as lead fishing weights, pennies and even unused kitty litter, which can be conveniently added to closed boxcars and covered hoppers. Do not use metal shavings as these can easily go to the engine and cause trouble.

Regardless of what weights you use it is important that you keep it as low as possible on the car body. Keep in mind that a low center of gravity is quite important.  It is likewise important to secure the weight in order to keep it from shifting about. White glue is recommended on loose loads such as gravel.

 

Why You Need to Upgrade your Bathroom Lighting Today

Just in the last year alone, over $300 billion dollars were spent on home renovations. According to lighting accessories Minneapolis experts, bathrooms were number one on people’s lists and upgrade o LED lighting and other safe for the environment features like low flow commodes to save water are what people look for most. If you are mulling to change your bathroom lighting for some time now here are some reasons why you should.

 

LED Lighting is more Affordable

The rapid growth of the LED lighting market has led to the development of cheaper products. The fact that your upfront cost to go LED has gone way down you now have the option to easily change that incandescent vanity light to a more efficient LED bulb.  You can also opt to go for brand new contemporary lighting fixtures or simply buy LED strips that you can attach to a mirror quite easily for instant lighting.

LED Bandwagon

With people more conscious of the environment, everyone is jumping on the LED bandwagon and if you have not done so you should very soon. LED is cool not just in style but also in the actual temperature it gives out. Designers are no longer limited with the traditional bulb-in-socket look and are re-creating the way lighting fixtures are designed. You wont find stuffy flush mounts but instead can marvel at sleek recessed LED to light up any room in your house.

Offers Natural Lighting Quality

In the past, LED lights often had a sterile white or blue hue typical of bland office lighting.  However, the current designs now mimic the warm yellow glow of incandescent bulbs minus the heat. According to LED lighting Inver Grove Heights experts you could not tell the difference between the two just by looking.  A lot of LED lighting fixtures are also dimmable which makes them the perfect choice for lighting up your bathroom.

Smart Lighting

LED lights can now be controlled using an app from your smartphone or tablet. If you forgot to turn on the porch light in your home, all you need to do is open the app and its done. This can help make your home a much secure place as it gives you the power to control lighting even if you are not there.

Facts and Differences between LED Light Bulbs and Incandescent Lights

LED or light emitting diode is a relatively new technology that offers several benefits over the more conventional incandescent bulb.  However this does not mean that it is devoid of any pitfalls, which it needs to overcome if it wants to become the primary mode of lighting in the market today.  Here are some important facts and differences between LED light bulbs and incandescent lighting technology.

Efficiency

It is a known fact that LED light bulbs are more efficient in terms of power consumption compared to its incandescent bulb counterpart.  This means that the bulbs are able to generate more light per unit of energy.  According to LED lighting Inver Grove Heights specialists, very little energy is needed to power up a typical LED bulb and there is almost no energy wasted or lost to heat.  Incandescent bulbs are notorious for wasting a lot of electricity due to the fact that part of the energy is converted to heat. The wasted energy warms up a space, which requires offsetting in order to cool it as well as the light fixture itself.

Lifespan

In terms of lifespan without a doubt LED light is the clear winner as it can last 15 to 30 times longer than your average incandescent bulb. This is why LED lights are the standard lighting of choice when it comes to areas where lighting is difficult to install or in locations where there is a need to have consistent lighting at all times.

Heat

According to incandescent lighting Eagan experts, the fact that there is a lot of build-up in terms of heat for incandescent bulbs there is often an issue when it comes to determining which kind of bulb to use. Incandescent bulbs offer a warm glow in winter while LED lighting is perfect for hot areas or in climates that are humid.

Today’s LED lights offer an energy efficient means of lighting that can help lessen the impact of excessive energy consumption on the environment. While generally more expensive than your typical incandescent bulb, LEDs longer lifespan, better light quality and with no heat produced makes it the obvious choice for modern lighting fixtures.

Easy Guide on When to Replace Your Fluorescent Light Ballasts

In order to run fluorescent fixtures you will need ballasts to operate the light bulbs. the Ballasts are responsible for providing the correct amount of voltage in order to start the bulbs as well as regulate the electricity while the fixture is on.  Ballasts are not plug and play devices where you can interchange with any light fixture; they are designed to be used with certain types of wattages.  According to CFL lamps Twin Cities experts, the average lifespan of a ballast is 50,000 hours but electrical issues and environmental conditions can certainly shorten its life, which will require a new installation.

Step 1

Immediately remove and replace the fluorescent bulb if it fails to light.  Also do the same if you notice flickering or if the bulbs are slow to start. If after replacing the bulbs it still fails to operate correctly, test the socket prior to going for the ballast.

Step 2

Gently remove one of the light bulbs and then with the help of a two-lead electrical tester, test the fluorescent socket. The right reading should be somewhere between 3 to 5 volts. Replace the ballast immediately if it reads anything other than the values described above.

Step 3

Once you have removed the fluorescent light from the fixture, open the center to expose the ballast. Do note that the center cover is attached to the fixture with either insert slots or screws so make sure you have the proper tools.  According to commercial lighting Minneapolis experts, if the ballast looks charred or you notice a thick, black material coming from it, it is damaged and needs immediate replacement.

Step 5

If the ballast looks ok, use a tester to determine if it is able to give out the right current. The tester should register a value somewhere between 115 to 125 volts.  

Step 6

Make sure to turn off the breaker that supplies the power to your fluorescent light and then remove and replace all the wire connectors on the ballast wiring in order to tighten the connections. Usually just tightening the screws can correct a noisy or humming ballast. If problem persists, there is no other recourse but replacement.

Comparing T8 and T12 Fluorescent Bulbs

The T8 and T12 are the most common fluorescent bulbs available in the market today.  Both have their set of benefits and misgivings.  Fact is they are quite popular for their ability to offer bright and steady light over a bigger surface area than your usual light bulb.  Moreover, they deliver consistent lighting for any room in the house or commercial establishment.

Primary Difference

The primary difference between the two according to replacement light ballasts St. Paul specialists is the size of the bulbs and their bases. While it is true that both bulbs come in conventional lengths, which is essentially 4 feet, the designation number 8 or12 pertains to the difference in the bulb’s diameter. T8 bulbs are basically eight eights of an inch while T12 are twelve eights with a bigger diameter of 1 ½ inches.

Energy Usage

Another difference between T8 and T12 bulbs is their energy use. The T8 bulb is 32 watts while a T12 is 40 watts. The result is that the T8 is much more energy efficient to use so much so that the Federal government set a standard to require buildings to use energy efficient lighting which favors the T8 over that of the T12.

The T8 and T12 puts out the same light-output but the T8 offers more lighting but the difference cannot be appreciated by the naked human eye. According to metal halide bulbs Maplewood specialists, a T8 bulb can produce 2600 lumens while the T12 offers about 2,520.

Performance over Time

Like most bulbs over time they lose their brightness and intensity but the T8 has a slower period of light degeneration, losing about ten percent of their original brightness after seven thousand hours of use. Compare that with the T12, which loses 20% after the same amount of operational hours.

It is recommended that users replace their bulbs every six to 12 months due to the slow decrease in lightness. Bulbs that are used for 10 hours each day may last for up to 2 years before they show signs that they need to be retired.

Facts on T5, T8 and T12 Lighting

Fluorescent lights are generally cheaper if compared to incandescent bulbs. Not only that, they are also long lasting and more energy efficient to use.  It is for this reason why fluorescent tubes are ubiquitous in public, commercial and industrial facilities.  According to T12 to T8 Roseville experts, all fluorescent bulbs need ballast in order to operate and the most common ones are T5 lighting , T8 and T12.

Nomenclature

The letter “T” refers to the tube type of the fluorescent bulb. After that comes a number that pertains to the bulb’s diameter which is measured in fractions of an inch.  The bulbs are measured in eighths of an inch For instance, the T5 bulb is five-eights of an inch wide while a T8 bulb is one inch wide while a T12 is one and a half inches.

T5 Variant

This fluorescent bulb uses an electronic ballast and is much more expensive compared to the other variants T8 and T12. They are also shorter and does not possess fit conventional fixtures. For example, T5 bulbs are 46 inches in length as opposed to the standard 48 inches for the T8 and T12 variants. It is made functional with the use of conversion kits that feature already the ballast so they can fit on T8 and T12 lighting fixtures. What makes the T5 special is it can save money over the long term, as it possesses a longer lifespan while producing a lot of light in the process with lesser energy requirements.  According to HID to T8 North St. Paul specialists, the T5 can maintain the maximum light output for its entire lifespan.

T8 Variant

Introduced in the US in 1981, they have steadily grown in popularity over the years and has also become the standard for use in building construction. The T8 uses solid-state circuitry, which allows it to negate making any loud humming noise and flickering commonly seen in the T12 magnetic ballast.

 

T12 lighting Variant

The oldest among the three, it was the choice of building contractors before the introduction of the T8 variant. It is generally cheap and lasts generally for 20,000 hours. Due to its inefficient magnetic ballast, its popularity waned as the T8 and T5 variants took center stage.

Facts on T5, T8 and T12 Lighting

Fluorescent lights are generally cheaper if compared to incandescent bulbs. Not only that, they are also long lasting and more energy efficient to use.  It is for this reason why fluorescent tubes are ubiquitous in public, commercial and industrial facilities.  According to T12 to T8 Roseville experts, all fluorescent bulbs need ballast in order to operate and the most common ones are T5 lighting , T8 and T12.

Nomenclature

The letter “T” refers to the tube type of the fluorescent bulb. After that comes a number that pertains to the bulb’s diameter which is measured in fractions of an inch.  The bulbs are measured in eighths of an inch For instance, the T5 bulb is five-eights of an inch wide while a T8 bulb is one inch wide while a T12 is one and a half inches.

T5 Variant

This fluorescent bulb uses an electronic ballast and is much more expensive compared to the other variants T8 and T12. They are also shorter and does not possess fit conventional fixtures. For example, T5 bulbs are 46 inches in length as opposed to the standard 48 inches for the T8 and T12 variants. It is made functional with the use of conversion kits that feature already the ballast so they can fit on T8 and T12 lighting fixtures. What makes the T5 special is it can save money over the long term, as it possesses a longer lifespan while producing a lot of light in the process with lesser energy requirements.  According to HID to T8 North St. Paul specialists, the T5 can maintain the maximum light output for its entire lifespan.

T8 Variant

Introduced in the US in 1981, they have steadily grown in popularity over the years and has also become the standard for use in building construction. The T8 uses solid-state circuitry, which allows it to negate making any loud humming noise and flickering commonly seen in the T12 magnetic ballast.

 

T12 lighting Variant

The oldest among the three, it was the choice of building contractors before the introduction of the T8 variant. It is generally cheap and lasts generally for 20,000 hours. Due to its inefficient magnetic ballast, its popularity waned as the T8 and T5 variants took center stage.

Organizing your Warehouse Operations the Right Way

There is a right way and wrong way to handle warehouse operations. If you want to achieve higher productivity and efficiency there are some tried and proven ways to do so.  Keeping to old habits will not sustain your goals. Here are  some tips on how to organize your warehouse ops the right way.

Establish a Pallet Racking System

According to warehouse needs Twin Cities experts, this organization method is crucial to any business be it small or large because:

  • It reduces warehouse costs by millions in the 1st year alone
  • It also makes material storage much easier to do and less overwhelming to staff
  • The fact that pallet racking systems can stock inventory vertically, the horizontal space that you gain can mean the difference between keeping what you have or having to open another warehouse
  • Pallet racks will look more organized with pallet racks but it will be much easier and safer to maintain as long as they are of good quality

Pallet racking systems may be costly in the short term as companies will need to invest and switch over to the new system requiring a learning curve but in the long term it is a cost-effective solution.

Use Wire Containers

Items that are not appropriate for pallet racking systems may be stored in wire containers.  Here are some of the benefits of doing so:

  • Space-saving as it has the ability to collapse when not used
  • Reduces damage to your products
  • Stackable
  • Lightweight and durable

What makes wire containers so appealing is that they are a cheap option for warehouses plus the lightweight and collapsibility features will allow staff to handle them quickly and efficiently.

Go for Ergonomic Equipment

The term ergonomic is used to denote the achievement of optimum comfort while avoiding stress and injury to the workplace. According to modular office setup Minneapolis providers, the use of ergonomic equipment in your warehouse operations can reduce liability problems and can also reduce stress levels of employees as overworked staff results in less productivity.

 

The Most Efficient Way to Re-Organize Your Warehouse

The availability of space can make or break any warehouse operation.  However, it is not only space that matters when it comes to warehouses as efficiency in the way inventory and products are handled from assembly, storage,  packaging and shipping play major roles in the overall scheme of things. If you think you need more efficiency in handling your warehouse operations here are some tried and proven steps to help you achieve your goals.

5 S Method

According to pallet racking MN experts, when it comes to organization and efficiency nothing beats the Japanese.  In the 16th century they came up with an effective strategy to maintain order and organization in the workplace.  They called it the 5S methodology.

Sorting

You need to perform an evaluation of what inventory you know is needed and what is not. Remove inventory that does not provide profitability to your business and it will reduce clutter and reclaim space you thought you never had.

Set Things in Order

Once all of that clutter is gone you can now proceed with organizing your warehouse. Formulate a strategy to ensure that you have easy access to your inventory. By doing so you increase the productivity of your workers as they won’t spend half the time looking for items that are very much needed in operations. Not only will time be saved but money as well as you will be able to reduce product losses in the process.

Shine

“Cleanliness is next to Godliness” as the saying goes, the same is true when it comes to achieving efficiency in warehouse operations. Cleaning and organizing your warehouse will reduce safety hazards that can harm not just the products themselves but more importantly the people that handle them.

Standardize

It is important that your staff share the same ideals as you do. Make sure that your employees understand why you are instituting change in your warehouse operations and include them in the process. If they know that they are not merely following rules but a philosophy that they can carry with them in their personal life you will notice increased cooperation and productivity.

Sustain

Used pallet racking MN experts recommend that you devise a way by which you can ensure  you do not go back to old habits that kept you from achieving your warehouse operations goals. For example, establish a cleaning schedule for staff to follow or provide incentives for achieving productivity and efficiency objectives.

The Most Efficient Way to Re-Organize Your Warehouse

The availability of space can make or break any warehouse operation.  However, it is not only space that matters when it comes to warehouses as efficiency in the way inventory and products are handled from assembly, storage,  packaging and shipping play major roles in the overall scheme of things. If you think you need more efficiency in handling your warehouse operations here are some tried and proven steps to help you achieve your goals.

5 S Method

According to pallet racking MN experts, when it comes to organization and efficiency nothing beats the Japanese.  In the 16th century they came up with an effective strategy to maintain order and organization in the workplace.  They called it the 5S methodology.

Sorting

You need to perform an evaluation of what inventory you know is needed and what is not. Remove inventory that does not provide profitability to your business and it will reduce clutter and reclaim space you thought you never had.

Set Things in Order

Once all of that clutter is gone you can now proceed with organizing your warehouse. Formulate a strategy to ensure that you have easy access to your inventory. By doing so you increase the productivity of your workers as they won’t spend half the time looking for items that are very much needed in operations. Not only will time be saved but money as well as you will be able to reduce product losses in the process.

Shine

“Cleanliness is next to Godliness” as the saying goes, the same is true when it comes to achieving efficiency in warehouse operations. Cleaning and organizing your warehouse will reduce safety hazards that can harm not just the products themselves but more importantly the people that handle them.

Standardize

It is important that your staff share the same ideals as you do. Make sure that your employees understand why you are instituting change in your warehouse operations and include them in the process. If they know that they are not merely following rules but a philosophy that they can carry with them in their personal life you will notice increased cooperation and productivity.

Sustain

Used pallet racking MN experts recommend that you devise a way by which you can ensure  you do not go back to old habits that kept you from achieving your warehouse operations goals. For example, establish a cleaning schedule for staff to follow or provide incentives for achieving productivity and efficiency objectives.